The authors from University Medical Center Hamburg-Eppendorf, Hamburg, interviewed 1001 adolescents aged 12-17 years. Subsequently they determined the point prevalence of depressive symptoms and factors associated with these symptoms.
According to the survey, one in every 12 adolescents experiences depressive symptoms. The estimated point prevalence was significantly higher in girls than in boys. In addition to sex and older age, depressive symptoms were more common in association with certain other factors, such as a negative body image or problematic use of social media or computer games. Low interpersonal trust and family functioning were associated factors, according to the authors.
The study is the first to show in Germany that an association exists between depressive symptoms in adolescence and problematic use of social media.
Source: Deutsches Aerzteblatt International
Full bibliographic information
Wartberg L, Kriston L, Thomasius R: Depressive symptoms in adolescents—prevalence and associated psychosocial features in a representative sample. Dtsch Arztebl Int 2018; 115: 549–55.