This website is intended for Medical Professionals only. By using this site you confirm that you are a healthcare professional.

News
Early autism screening has limited effect Screening for autism at three years of age only identifies those ... (18 Jun 2019)
Research explores the impact of masculine ... Pressures and expectations of masculinity and a lack of ... (18 Jun 2019)
Schizophrenia: adolescence is the ... Schizophrenia causes hallucinations and memory or cognition ... (18 Jun 2019)
Atrial fibrillation linked to increased risk ... Atrial fibrillation (AF) is linked to an increased risk of ... (18 Jun 2019)
Study challenges “no pain no gain” ... Patients with peripheral arterial disease should be given the ... (18 Jun 2019)
Wednesday, 23 January 2019 19:08

Early Detection of Prediabetes Can Reduce Risk of Developing Cardiovascular Disease Featured

Rate this item
(0 votes)

A diagnosis of prediabetes should be a warning for people to make lifestyle changes to prevent both full-blown diabetes and cardiovascular disease (CVD), according to scientists at Wake Forest School of Medicine.

“We know that having diabetes increases the risk of developing cardiovascular disease, so in our study we wanted to determine what the absolute risk or probability of developing heart disease was for people who were only at a pre-diabetic level of blood sugar,” said the study’s lead author Michael P. Bancks, Ph.D., assistant professor of epidemiology and prevention at Wake Forest’s medical school, a part of Wake Forest Baptist Health.

The study is published in the current issue of Diabetes Care.

Prediabetes is indicated by a fasting blood sugar level between 5.6 to 6.9 mmol/L, while a fasting blood sugar level of less than 5.6 mmol/L is considered normal. A level of 7 mmol/L and higher is the diagnostic threshold for diabetes, Bancks said.

In the study, the researchers used data from seven observational studies that included both white and black men and women who were followed from 1960 through 2015. Prior research focused on white Americans of European descent, whereas this study included African-Americans so the findings could be generalized to a broader population, Bancks said.

The sample included 19,630 individuals who had not had a prior CVD event, considered here as heart disease or stroke. Absolute risk of CVD was determined through analysis of participants’ fasting glucose category beginning at age 55 through 85.

Bancks and colleagues found that the risk for CVD ranged from 15 percent (non-diabetic) to 38 percent (diabetic) among women and from 21 percent (non-diabetic) to 47 percent (diabetic) among men. Increases in glucose to the diabetic level during mid-life were associated with substantially higher cardiovascular risk than when glucose levels stayed below the diabetes threshold.

“Although we found that individuals who had pre-diabetic levels of blood glucose did not have a higher absolute risk for cardiovascular disease, we know that most people go on to develop diabetes unless they take measures to reduce their blood sugar levels,” Bancks said.

“Our study provides further evidence that if you can avoid diabetes you may be able to stave off cardiovascular disease. Pre-diabetes should serve as a red flag to doctors to closely monitor their patient’s blood sugar to try to prevent diabetes through lifestyle interventions like better diet and increased physical activity, and if necessary, with pharmacologic therapies.”


Source Newsroom: Wake Forest Baptist Medical Center

Read 364 times Last modified on Wednesday, 23 January 2019 20:17

Latest news

Highlights

Join

Connect with other Medical Professionals on fb in a closed facebook group

Login

Top
We use cookies to improve our website. By continuing to use this website, you are giving consent to cookies being used. More details…