Effects of Loading-Dose Statins Combined with PCSK9 Inhibitor Pre-Treatment before Primary Percutaneous Coronary Intervention
This study was aimed at investigating the effects of preoperative treatment with a loading dose of statins combined with a PCSK9 inhibitor on coronary blood perfusion and short-term cardiovascular adverse events in patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). Sixty-five patients with STEMI who had visited the Shanxi Cardiovascular Disease Hospital between May 2018 and May 2021 were enrolled in the study. The enrolled patients had no history of oral statins or antiplatelet therapy. The patients were divided into a combined treatment group (loading dose of statins combined with PCSK9 inhibitors, 35 patients) and a routine treatment group (loading dose of statins only, 30 patients). The primary endpoints were thrombolysis in myocardial infarction (TIMI) blood flow grading, corrected TIMI frame count (CTFC), and TIMI myocardial perfusion grading (TMPG), immediately after and 30 days after the operation. The secondary endpoint was a composite endpoint of cardiovascular death, nonfatal myocardial infarction, and target vessel revascularization 30 days after the operation. The combined treatment group had significantly lower CTFC (14.09 ± 8.42 vs 26 ± 12.42, P = 0.04) and better TMPG (2.74 ± 0.61 vs 2.5 ± 0.73, P = 0.04) than the routine treatment group immediately after the operation. Similarly, the combined treatment group had a significantly lower CTFC (16.29 ± 7.39 vs 26.23 ± 11.53, P = 0.04) and significantly better TMPG (2.94 ± 0.24 vs 2.76 ± 0.43, P = 0.01) than the routine treatment group 1 month after the operation. Preoperative treatment with a loading dose of high-intensity statins combined with PCSK9 inhibitors increased coronary blood flow and myocardial perfusion after emergency thrombus aspiration in patients with STEMI. However, the treatment did not significantly decrease the incidence of cardiovascular death, nonfatal myocardial infarction, or target vessel revascularization.
Source: Compuscript Ltd
Full bibliographic information
Effects of Loading-Dose Statins Combined with PCSK9 Inhibitor Pre-Treatment before Primary Percutaneous Coronary Intervention on the Short-Term Prognosis in Patients with ST-Segment Elevation Myocardial Infarction, An, Jian, Cardiovascular Innovations and Applications, 2022,