Francesco Carelli ,  University of Milan – Courses Organiser and Evaluator

In the first survey in Milan ( city / town ) Cariplo Fundation  found 14.000 students having no access to devices and connections in everyday life.

E-learning ( distance school / lessons ) doesn’t exist for them. National data are not different , possibly and really worse in the South and in the little cities in mountains.

In 2018 – 2019  ISTAT ( National Institute of Statistic ) data collection, 33,8% of families have no computer nor tablet, and only in 22,2% of families each member has his/her own pc or tablet.

The     so called  “ native digital “  are often excluded from  didactic: they “ surf “ the Internet, play for hours on Fortnite, but just 1 on 3 of them is really able to utilize the available technologic tools.

Also teachers have similar problems. Teaching a class in presence is very different from being in connection with tens at home.

Is it correct to spend 6 hours in a virtual class ? The basic  elements of contact and interaction are lacking.

In “ flipped classroom “ before meeting in presence, students are provided with materials / tools , recorded lectures, texts and materials available online, to prepare topics in advance, then take advantage of the hours of presence mainly for collaborative discussion about already studied materials.

There cannot be digital e – learning / teaching if teachers and students are unable to exploit its potential.

First of all, we must reconsider didactics, that is rational organisation of methods and actions aimed at obtaining an effective educational project. The objectives / aims of the schools, evaluation, teaching / learning methods, feedback and return to students need to be reviewed so much.