Researchers observed seasonal variations in the risk of the hypertensive disorders of pregnancy—including gestational hypertension and pre eclampsia—in a study of Danish women. In the Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica study, the highest risk for hypertensive disorders was seen in pregnancies conceived during spring and summer.
Of 50,665 women included in the study, 8.5% were diagnosed with a hypertensive disorder of pregnancy. There appeared to be increasing risk when conceiving during the spring and early summer, peaking midsummer, and subsequently decreasing steadily during the autumn to reach a low by winter. Seasonal variations in vitamin D levels may help to explain these findings.

“Our results are of great interest, as vitamin D may have caused the observed seasonal variation in the hypertensive disorders. It has long been assumed that vitamin D affects the pathogenesis of hypertensive disorders of pregnancy—including pre eclampsia—and our results support this hypothesis,” said lead author Christine Rohr Thomsen, of Aarhus University Hospital, inDenmark.

Source: Wiley

Full bibliographic information

Seasonal variation in the hypertensive disorders of pregnancy in Denmark. AOGS. 2020; 00: 1– 8.